Psychological trauma is any type of damage to a person’s psyche that occurs because of a particularly traumatic event; this, in turn, may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that develops due to a person being affected by psychological trauma. Despite being caused by harm to the psyche, PTSD treatment and trauma treatment are both possible with the proper medication and psychotherapy.
Psychological trauma can be caused by any number of traumatic events, such as combat, death, various forms of abuse, assault, addiction, and even due to the diagnosis of a life-threatening illness. If the trauma is not treated effectively and within a certain period, it can cause PTSD; while PTSD can be treated as well, it requires a different approach and can sometimes be more difficult to cure than trauma.
There are a number of psychotherapeutic approaches designed specifically for trauma treatment. These include somatic experiencing, biofeedback, and sensori-motor psychotherapy. In the same light, PTSD treatment may take the form of multiple types of psychotherapy:
- Psychotherapeutic interventions
- Cognitive and behavioral therapy
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (though this form of treatment is controversial due to questions regarding its theoretical foundations, as well as the methodology used)
- Interpersonal psychotherapy
Both PTSD treatment and trauma treatment utilize various types of medication to help patients overcome the symptoms of their troubles. The most common medications used are serotonin inhibitors, and antidepressants that can help combat depression and negative thoughts that are a common result of PTSD and trauma. Antipsychotics and beta-blockers are also used depending on the type and severity of the symptoms of the PTSD or trauma.